Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Nuiances of Horror Story Essay Topics

The Nuiances of Horror Story Essay Topics Personal narrative essays are about personal experience that's presented in the very first person. A kid's imaginary friend isn't imaginary. To have the ability to move your characters along, you have to be aware of what they're up against. Tell your story with the use of emotional language and proper information. Do not appear through the topics before you opt for. Essay has to be in MLA format. Short essays are still spend the sort of formal essay because the parts want to get included in it. Of all Of the kinds of essay, writing a quick essay may appear to be the easiest. Scroll down the page in order to see extra essay samples which can help you in producing your very own literary essay. As soon as you feel you realize the question, reread the part of literature, making notes. To see all of the commentary, you can want to click the arrow multiple times. The very first and the most essential suggestion is to keep in mind that you're writing a story, not only an essay. You should start your work with the analysis of the topic, on the grounds of the analysis of the subject of the essay, you opt for the material, the principal facts, and the critical points of your paper. To compose an effective important analysis, you must first be positive that you know the question that's been posed, and all literary terms that you've been requested to deal with. The conclusion is just one of the essential components of the narrative essay. It should contain a synthesis or a brief summary. A significant part the narrative essay is that the writer experienced the events described. A better part of the moment, writers find it tough to answer that question. The very first story happens in a little town of Myrgorod in Ukraine. The stories written by our writers aren't only precise and clear, but give a crystal clear view of the whole story in a brief period of time. Explain yourself as you cooperate, rather than attempting to refer your reader back to a prior statement. Telling facts isn't a hard job, and it may also be fun. This e-mail has two lies. Narration is telling a story from a particular viewpoint, and there is generally a reason behind the telling. Horror Story Essay Topics Can Be Fun for Everyone This room consists of the most coveted table in the area. Attempt not to compose the conclusion in a rush at the previous moment, because it leaves the general impression of your work. Other things start to happen too. The issue with our world is that people don't learn to listen to one another. Write legibly in ink so the evaluators will have the ability to read your writing. 8 essential elements of an effective training plan. Get in contact with our specialist to observe how it's going with the analysis and to task about any amendment that may need to get performed. In order to construct a logical chain, you are in need of a plan of writing. The very first room, through the door, is the principal portion of the restaurant. Thus, our primary feature is to supply quality stories. The primary aim of the introduction is to bring the reader to the major part. A lyrical introduction is among the universal means, and connects the topic of the work by means of your life experience. Therefore, as you should naturally don't hesitate to build on what you've already written this semester in blogs or other informal writing (or that which we have discussed in class), do not just repeat what you've previously stated elsewhere. There are drawbacks, obviously. Don't hesitate to browse the webpage and click on any individual download hyperlink button below a sample which you like. When the whole payment is released, the order is completed. If you are in need of a website that will supply you with an extensive collection of samples, then you're at the appropriate place. Today, there are several on-line sites which provide sample papers.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Mental Illness Paper - 1800 Words

Mental Illness Paper Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is real illness that can be treated with medicine and therapy. When have OCD, you have recurring, upsetting thoughts (called obsessions). You repeat doing the same thing, over and over again (called compulsions) to make the thoughts go away. And, you feel like you cannot control or stop these thoughts or actions. The obsessions, or upsetting thoughts, can include things like a fear of germs, a fear of begin hurt, a fear of hurting others, and disturbing religious or sexual thoughts. The compulsions, or actions you repeat to make the thoughts go away, can be things like counting, cleanings hand washing, and checking on things. While these actions provide only short-lived relief,†¦show more content†¦Only when they were in the pediatric psychiatrist’s office did they remember the â€Å"habit† she had at age 6. For a long time OCD was thought to be an infrequent disorder. In other words, it was believed to be rare among à ¢â‚¬Å"general population†. Now, it is estimated that over the course of a lifetime approximately 2.5 percent of individuals will develop this disorder. For children and adolescents, it is estimated that approximately the same percentage suffers from this disorder. In fact, this figure appears to be consistent with regard to American populations and worldwide populations, as well as male and female occurrences. Clinical and animal research sponsored by NIMH (National Institute of Mental Disorders) and other scientific organizations has provided information leading to both pharmacologic and behavioral treatments that can benefit the person with OCD. One patient may benefit significantly from behavior therapy, while another will benefit from pharmacotherapy. Some others may use both medication and behavior therapy. Others may begin with medication to gain control over their symptoms and then continue with behavior therapy. Which therapy to use should be decided by the individual patient in consultation with his/her therapist? Treatment with psychotherapy includes cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and behavioral therapy. In CBT, the goal is to change how a person thinks about, and then reacts to, a situation that makes them anxious orShow MoreRelatedMacbeth Mental Illness Paper1012 Words   |  5 Pagesboth show signs of what would today be diagnosed as symptoms of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is defined as â€Å"long-term mental disorder of a type involving a breakdown in the relation between thought, emotion, and behavior, leading to faulty perception, inappropriate actions and feelings, withdrawal from reality and personal relationships into fantasy and delusion, and a sense of mental fragmentation†. There are three major symptoms of this disorder: not knowing the difference between reality and fantasyRead MoreClient Care Paper : Mental Illness746 Words   |  3 PagesClient Care Paper Mental illness affects 1 in 5 adults in the United States. This amounts to about 43.8 million or 18.5% of adults in the United States (Any Mental Illness Among U.S Adults, n.d). This shows how prevalent mental illness really is in our society. More specifically, Bipolar Disorder is found in about 2.6% of the adult population (Bipolar Disorder Among Adults, n.d). Bipolar disorder ranges in severity but the majority of the cases are considered severe. Bipolar Disorder is brokenRead MoreBackground Paper : Stress Disorders And Mental Illness876 Words   |  4 PagesBackground Paper: Stress Disorders and Mental Illness Stress disorders are a form of mental illness. Understanding the history of mental disorders and their treatment is important for researching new ways to treat these disorders and potentially prevent some of the disorders from developing. Over the years mental illnesses have been perceived and treated in many ways. Some of the earlier treatments include extensive bloodletting, dosing with chemicals, and physically shocking the patient (Dain,Read MoreLife Cycle Impact Paper : A Focus On Adolescence And Mental Illness950 Words   |  4 Pages Life Cycle Impact Paper: A Focus on Adolescence and Mental illness Imari Peterson November 24, 2014 SWK305 Professor Holiday In research done by Carlton- Ford, Miller, Brown, Nealeigh, Jennings (1995) they found that, â€Å"Epilepsy directly affects about 2.5 million individuals in the United States, and over half of the cases begin in childhood† (pg.283). This debilitating disorder can continue well into adolescent years and affect important developmental tasks. A human’s adolescentRead Morethis is a college paper on MENTAL ILLNESS AS A SOCIAL PROBLEM3884 Words   |  16 PagesTable of Contents I.Overview of Mental Illness A.Statistics and Aspects of Mental Illness .......................................p.1 II.Mental Illness in Depth A.Historical Background of Mental Illness .....................................p.4 B.Cost of Mental Illness in Society ..............................................p.6 C.Stigma of Mental Illness in Society ...........................................p.9 D.Treatment of Mental Illness as a Social Problem ..........................p.11Read MoreMental Health And The Media982 Words   |  4 PagesMental Health and the Media Mental illness in general carries an enormous stigma. People have respect for and take seriously physical ailments but when it comes to mental illness there is still immense discrimination. The stigma that comes from having a mental disorder such as, bi-polar depression, schizophrenia, or panic disorder comes with an enormous societal cost and can cause people not to talk about it. They may feel ashamed, embarrassed or fear stigma. Not seeking treatment causes people livingRead MoreMy Experience With Mental Illness1084 Words   |  5 Pages If I struggled with mental illness, I believe life would be very different. When I think of someone with a mental illness, I think of crazy people locked up in a padded room with a straightjacket on. If I was crazy like those people, I probably would not be able to live the good life with my family. I could also hurt people with my craziness. I would lock myself up if I had to that way I would not go insane and just start killing random people. I would feel bad if I killed random people, unlessRead MoreMental Illnessness1054 Words   |  5 PagesCitizens With Mental Illness: Use of Resources and Outcomes is a paper that studies 6,128 police interventions in Montreal, Quà ©bec, Canada. The main objective of the paper was to compare the characteristics of police interventions with individuals who had mental illness and those were not mentally ill. The motivation behind this hypothesis was that the authors had noted that there was little research done about the use of resources in police interventions with those with mental illness, although thereRead MoreMental Illness : The World Of Sexually Transmitted Disease1266 Words   |  6 Pagesthere is no such thing as a cure. There is only adjustment.† Neil Gaiman’s quote on psychiatry in the world perfectly explains why â€Å"43.8 million (American) adults expe rience mental illness in a given year† (â€Å"Mental Health By the Numbers†). Mental illness is something not to take lightly. In my personal experience, mental illness can be life-changing. My older sister suffered from serious depression, and still suffers from anxiety. To find out how many levels of psychiatric symptoms I have and whatRead MoreMental Health And Mental Illness1702 Words   |  7 Pagesbetween mental health and mental illness? Although the terms are often used interchangeably, mental health and mental illness are not the same thing. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health is a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and is able to make a contribution to his or her community. However, mental illness is a recognized, medically diagnosable illness that results

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman - 1090 Words

During the mid-1800’s women were often treated horribly and prohibited to have a mind of their own. Charlotte Perkins Gilman the author of ‘The Yellow Wallpaper† does an exquisite job illustrating the mentality society during this time in the short story. Gillman’s notion often was that men and women did not have a different mindset. ‘’ The Yellow Wallpaper† is a tale about this women who is mentally unstable and cannot recover due to her husband’s disbelief. In â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† Gilman uses feminist criticism through the dialogue, symbolism hidden in the text, and the protagonist transformation to help the readers understand the male and female dynamics of that time period. By studying the dialogue use in â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† through a man’s perspective that men see women as children. Gilman statement in the story makes the analogy strong considering the time period. The protagonist or the woma n says, â€Å"If a physician of high standing, and one’s own husband, assures friends and relatives that there is really nothing the matter with one but temporary nervous depression a slight hysterical--tendency--what is one to do (Gilman 111).? It is important to acknowledge the males perspective through the voice, seeing that the protagonist’s husband keeps disregarding her sickness. The women’s husband feels like his spouse is behaving in a theatrical way and thinks nothing is wrong. It is classic for men to want their wife’s believe in what they say and this is exactly whatShow MoreRelatedThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman885 Words   |  4 Pagesbeen a stigma around mental illness and feminism. â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† was written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman in the 1900’s. â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† has many hidden truths within the story. The story was an embellished version her own struggle with what was mos t likely post-partum depression. As the story progresses, one can see that she is not receiving proper treatment for her depression and thus it is getting worse. Gilman uses the wallpaper and what she sees in it to symbolize her desire to escapeRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman846 Words   |  4 PagesHumans are flawed individuals. Although flaws can be bad, people learn and grow from the mistakes made. Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short story, â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper†, gives one a true look at using flaws to help one grow. Gilman gives her reader’s a glimpse into what her life would have consisted of for a period of time in her life. Women were of little importance other than to clean the house and to reproduce. This story intertwines the reality of what the lives of woman who were considered toRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman1362 Words   |  6 Pagesas freaks. In the short story â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaperâ €  by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, both of these elements are present. Gilman did a wonderful job portraying how women are not taken seriously and how lightly mental illnesses are taken. Gilman had, too, had firsthand experience with the physician in the story. Charlotte Perkins Gilman s believes that there really was no difference in means of way of thinking between men or women is strongly. â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† is a short story about a woman whoRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman1547 Words   |  7 PagesCharlotte Perkins Gilman s career as a leading feminists and social activist translated into her writing as did her personal life. Gilman s treatment for her severe depression and feelings of confinement in her marriage were paralleled by the narrator in her shorty story, The Yellow Wallpaper. Charlotte Perkins Gilman was born in 1860 in Hartford, Connecticut. Her parents, Mary Fitch Perkins and Fredrick Beecher Perkins, divorced in 1869. Her dad, a distinguished librarian and magazine editorRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman2032 Words   |  9 Pagesâ€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a poem about women facing unequal marriages, and women not being able to express themselves the way they want too. Charlotte Perkins Gilman was born in 1860, and died in 1935. This poem was written in 1892. When writing this poem, women really had no rights, they were like men’s property. So writing â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† during this time era, was quite shocking and altered society at the time. (Charlotte Perkins Gilman and the Feminization ofRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman904 Words   |  4 Pagescom/us/definiton/americaneglish/rest-cure?q=rest+cure). Charlotte Perkins Gilman wrote The Yellow Wallpaper as a reflection of series of events that happened in her own life. Women who fought the urge to be the typical stereotype were seen as having mental instabilities and were considered disobedient. The societal need for women to conform to the standards in the 1800s were very high. They were to cook, clean and teach their daughters how to take care of the men. Gilman grew up without her father and she vowedRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman999 Words   |  4 Pages â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† is a story of a woman s psychological breakdown, which is shown through an imaginative conversation with the wallpaper. The relationship between the female narrator and the wallpaper reveals the inner condition of the narrator and also symbolically shows how women are oppressed in society. The story, read through a feminist lens, reflects a woman s struggle against the patriarchal power structure. In the â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper†, Charlotte Perkins Gilman uses the wallpaperRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman Essay1208 Words   |  5 Pagesthat wallpaper as I did?† the woman behind the pattern was an image of herself. She has been the one â€Å"stooping and creeping.† The Yellow Wallpaper was written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. In the story, three characters are introduced, Jane (the narrator), John, and Jennie. The Yellow Wallpaper is an ironic story that takes us inside the mind and emotions of a woma n suffering a slow mental breakdown. The narrator begins to think that another woman is creeping around the room behind the wallpaper, attemptingRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman846 Words   |  4 PagesThe dignified journey of the admirable story â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† created by Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s, gave the thought whether or not the outcome was influenced by female oppression and feminism. Female oppression and feminist encouraged a series of women to have the freedom to oppose for their equal rights. Signified events in the story â€Å"The Yellow Wallpaper† resulted of inequality justice for women. Charlotte Perkins Gilman gave the reader different literary analysis to join the unjustifiableRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman1704 Words   |  7 PagesEscaping The Yellow Wallpaper Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935) whom is most acclaimed for her short story The Yellow Wallpaper (1891) was a women’s author that was relatively revolutionary. Gilman makes an appalling picture of captivity and confinement in the short story, outlining a semi-personal photo of a young lady experiencing the rest cure treatment by her spouse, whom in addition to being her husband was also her therapist. Gilman misused the rest cure in The Yellow Wallpaper to alarm other

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Six Core Values - Fundamental Of Social Worker

Question: If I Was a Social Worker Film Paper Each student will select a film from the list below. The films listed each depict a person, and/or family who would greatly benefit from the help of a social worker. Using what you have learned in class about the goals and purposes of social work, the six core values and social work ethics, diversity, and the macro, mezzo and micro concepts, write a 3-4 page paper, typed, double spaced, that discusses how you would help one of the films main characters if you were their social worker. What would you do to help the client overcome the challenges they face, and move forward in life? Pick three of the following topics: the goals and purposes of social work, the six core values and social work ethics, diversity, and the macro, mezzo and micro concepts to discuss and apply them to the characters situation. Lastly, how are social workers portrayed in this film? Is the portrayal positive or negative? Is it a balanced portrayal? Answer: Objectives The fundamental mission of the social work calling is to enhance human success and help meet the principal human needs out of each other individual on earth, with particular attentiveness in regards to the needs and reinforcing of people who are vulnerable, abused, and living in poverty. A significant and describing part of social work is the calling's accentuation on individual thriving in a social association and the flourishing of society. Essential to social work is thought in regards to the natural powers that make, add to, and location issues in living. (Brodwin, 2013) Social workers advance social value and social change with and for the advantage of clients. Clients are used thoroughly to suggest individuals, families, social events, affiliations, and gatherings. Social workers are unstable to social and ethnic grouped qualities and try to end partition, misuse, dejection, and diverse sorts of social injustice. Social masters attempt to enhance the farthest point of people to address their own particular needs. Social authorities moreover hope to propel the responsiveness of affiliations, gatherings, and other social establishments to individuals' requirements and communal issue. (Carr and Beresford, 2012) Core Values There are certain core values that are necessary to be followed by the social workers. They are as below explained: Social workers' crucial objective is to assist public in need and to manage communal issues. Communal personnel raise organization to others on top of selfishness. Communal experts illustrate on their understanding, qualities, plus aptitudes to assist people inside want and to deal with communal issues. (Cragg, 2005) Social Justice Communal personnel confront communal unfairness. Communal personnel look for after communal alter, chiefly by means of and for unprotected and abused individuals and get-togethers of people. These activities hope to raise affectability to and data about abuse and social and ethnic arranged qualities. Dignity and Worth of the Person Communal experts take care of every individual in a minding and politely outline, watchful of person difference and social and racial contrasting qualities. Community authorities propel customers communally careful autonomy. Significance of Human Relationships Communal laborers perceive the focal significance of individual connections. Communities laborers comprehend so as to connections flanked by and in the middle of individuals are an essential means of transportation for alter. Communal laborer is consistently watchful of the calling main objective, principles, proper standards, and moral principles and performs in a method stable with them. Community laborers do something sincerely and mindfully and go forward ethical practice from the relations with which they are supplementary. Communal masters put into practice inside their districts of wellness and make and overhaul their master capacity. Communal experts unendingly attempt to grow their master data and capacities and to apply them essentially. (Ife, 2001) Losing Isaiah The film stares a drug addict Khaila Richards (Halle Berry), who leaves her baby, who instead is fostered and takes care by Margaret Lewin (Jessica Lange), who is a social worker here in this movie. She takes care of the baby and also develops a strong bond and a mother feeling for the baby. After knowing that the baby is born to a drug addict she brings the baby home to live with her family and provides him a home. Thus she provides a social justice. (Lambek, 2010)Then after 3 years Isaiah, the baby has been adopted by Margaret the social worker. Margaret does not object to it when Khaila get the custody of Isaiah after a long court battle because she knows that she is his mother and legally she has the right to get his custody thus respecting the human relationship and also holds her dignity while not doing so. Thus she gives Isaiah the liberty to decide where and to whom he wants to stay. Doing all this she has followed all the 6 core values that should be followed by the social w orker. Remark The social worker has been portrayed by Jessica Lange who is playing the role Margeret Lewin. She is acting in a positive role as she acts as a motherly guide to Isaiah when he was admitted to the hospital as well. She took care of Isaiah and also adopts him after 3 years down the line. Margeret has acted well in the role of a social worker she in fact she behaves with dignity and also hugs and embraces Khaila where she decides to let go Isaiah to stay with the Margeret and decide himself about his future. She respects Khaila when she wins the custody of her baby and understands her feelings as being a mother herself and thus does not object to what has been decided by the court. Thus Margeret Lewin portrays a good and successful social worker in the movie as according to the values laid down for the social workers. (Witkin, 2000) References Brodwin, P. (2013).Everyday ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press. Carr, S. and Beresford, P. (2012).Social care, service users and user involvement. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Cragg, W. (2005).Ethics codes, corporations, and the challenge of globalization. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Ife, J. (2001).Human rights and social work. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lambek, M. (2010).Ordinary ethics. New York: Fordham University Press. Witkin, S. (2000). Ethics-R-Us.Social Work, 45(3), pp.197-200.

Tuesday, April 14, 2020

Microsoft Corporation

Introduction Founded by Gates, Microsoft Corporation is renowned as a global company specialized in the manufacture and improvement of software and computer appliances (Business day). It not only produces various software packages but also offer a wide range of computer services. Video games, operating system, personal computers and other computer applications are some of Microsoft’s products. As part of its services, the corporation educates and endorses software developer and also offers consultancy services.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Microsoft Corporation specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More 1. Based in Washington, Microsoft is divided into different subdivision i.e. customer, Microsoft commerce, server and tools, online, entertainment and devices (Microsoft Corporation). Matters pertaining to consumers such as complain or comments are handled by the consumer division. Client division ensures that con sumers are well handled by carefully addressing their concerns thus maintaining satisfaction. It is responsible for making deliveries of Microsoft products to customers all over the globe. Online division plays a significant role in advertising and providing basic information about the company’s goods and processes. In addition, it links the corporation to its customers, partners and the outside world i.e. by email and web messages. The construction and marketing of hardware and entertainment devices such as video games and zune digital music is produced under entertainment and devices division (Microsoft Corporation). Server and tools sector is specifically responsible for manufacture and endorsement of products and processes. The handling of the overall business problems i.e. by providing overall business elucidation, whether financial or company’s productivity are handled by the business division. 2. In as much as the company is divided in different organizational s egments, it also has different parts with their own structures. The parts include manufacture, marketing, finance/accounting and HR. Marketing as part of the company, has different offices to begin with marketing manager followed by three underlying offices i.e. Sales manager, marketing research manager and product manager. The above three offices work alongside committed teams that ensure effectiveness and efficiency of these offices. Finance/accounting as a component of Microsoft, is headed by a finance manager followed by two offices i.e. management accountant and finance accountant in conjunction with a strong workforce.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More HR and production elements of Microsoft are headed by a HR manger and production manager respectively. The overall company’s structure takes a tree shape thus making it a hierarchical configuration. This is indicate d by many level of administration with different offices working under each level. 3. The ultimate decision makers of the company are the directors. The board is made of ten members, approved by shareholders in the company’s yearly common assembly. The team is responsible for making every final approval on actions that impact on the general company. Approvals are divided among different board committees in relation to the kind of activity i.e. auditing committee handles matters pertaining accounting, finance committee handles matters pertaining finances of the company and so on. For the management of global activities a team of sixteen bureaucrats that include persons who are responsible for sales, marketing and HR in the global perspective. Additionally, there is a staff council that handles all affairs of the company at corporate level. Management of Microsoft also includes heads of each department who are responsible for different activities at departmental level (producti on department, marketing department and so on). Production departments are specialized in the production of software and other hard ware computer products while marketing in charge of advertising Microsoft products. Finance/ accounting offices maintain records of transactions performed by the business and ensure that they are updated and safely kept. Conscription and vetting of employees are managed by the HR department which ensure that the company’s workforce meet the required standard. Microsoft uses both centralized and decentralized methods of production. This is because production of some products requires technical skills and advanced technology that can only be available in certain specific regions. On the other hand, products which do not demand technical skills and technology are produced in different locations. 4. The organization has a structure in the form of a tree commonly known as a hierarchical structure (John Dunning and Sarianna, Lundan, 238). This is becau se of its different management levels that spread through from a global level to corporate level. It adopts a hierarchical structure due to the various factors surrounding the business i.e. size, complexity, diverse products and geographical coverage. The company has many levels of management ranging from board level to corporate level i.e. management runs from the global level to continental and finally corporate level.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Microsoft Corporation specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More 5. Vital decisions that affect the whole company, are decided by the board of directors in Washington based headquarter. The company has centralized staffs that perform different types of functions that affect the overall functioning of the company. Centralized staffs decide on strategy to be used in future expansion of the company i.e. introductions of new branches, new products and services. Centralized staf fs dictate on the company’s income expenditure i.e. they decide on the amount of dividend for shareholders and the amount ploughed back to the company. Additionally, they decide on the overall budget of the company; they influence the amount to be distributed in the running of their branches and the amount used in running different activities of the company. Centralized staffs manipulate and also draft rules that govern the company and also have the capacity to impose penalties on indiscipline employees. In as much as running the branches is left to branch managers, centralized staffs do approve crucial activities that directly affect the company of which I consider a fair deal. 6. Some of the decisions made by the entity are centralized while some decentralized. Decisions that affect the overall company such as budget expenditure are centrally made while the ones with fewer effects are decentralized. Decisions regarding management of the company’s branches are mostly decentralized i.e. decisions are made by branch managers. Managers and their teams can set a meeting and discuss matters concerning their branches with final decisions made. Less important decisions such as recruitment of new subordinate staffs are decentralized at corporate level. On the other hand, important decisions such as how to spend revenues, expansion of the corporation, decisions on how to raise finances and decisions on rules that govern the company is centrally made. Centrally made decisions are always carefully made since they directly influence the company’s performance either in the short run or long run. Even though, most of decentralized decisions may not be made carefully, some decisions prove to be important and should be carefully handled such as recruitment of new staff whether unskilled or skilled. Whether in the line of work or at field (companies activities), the same rules in applies in decision making. 7. Various factors including technology, strateg y, environment, life cycle and company size have profoundly influenced the company’s organizational structure (Cliffsnotes). Microsoft is an exceptionally large organization, in fact, among the world greatest companies thus making it a complex organization that can only perform under a hierarchical structure. This is because hierarchical structure subdivides a complex company to a manageable level.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Considering life cycle, Microsoft just like people, evolves and undergoes various life cycle before maturity i.e. birth, youth, middle-life and adulthood (Cliffsnotes). Microsoft like any other company was also given birth i.e. the time it was founded (1975). The second stage of growth is the youth stage, a stage where a company (Microsoft) begins to grow by expanding its operations. At this point, a company operates in a flat structure since the company’s simplicity. Youth stage is followed by middle-life, a stage where company experiences changes in its operations i.e. from a small company to a larger and more complex company. Additionally, the company experiences a change in its organizational structure by switching from a flat structure to hierarchical structure. The company also realizes a significant increase in revenue which is as a result of increased sales from an expanded business. At maturity, the final stage of growth, a company becomes less innovative with minima l expansion. This is because of the company’s exhaustion of its industry and the only remaining activity is to maintain the status in the market. At this point, a company is expected to operate in a hierarchical structure due to its complexity and. Environment, as a contingency factor, is the surroundings in which a company/organization operates (Cliffsnotes). It can either be stable or unstable/dynamic. A stable environment is considered free from environmental factors such as politics, natural calamities, socio-cultural concepts and technology. A company or organization operating in a stable environment will experience be very much productive which will influence its organizational structure from flat to hierarchical. However in an unstable environment, the business surrounding is occupied by natural calamities and politics thus rendering it unfavorable to organization. Microsoft operated in a stable environment that made it experience rapid growth in its productions and op erations making forcing it to change its organizational structure from flat to hierarchical (Snellen,  Wim and Donk, 264). Another contingency factor that affects an organization’s structure is technology. A company operating in an advanced technological environment will experience efficiency and effectiveness in its operations thus increasing its production and sales. On the contrary, an organization in a poor technological environment will be ineffective thus experience minimal production and sales. By the fact that Microsoft began its operation in United States, a country with advance technology, provided a suitable technological environment. This made Microsoft grow rapidly creating a shift of its organizational structure from flat to hierarchical. 8. For smooth running of an organization, there must be rules that govern the institution. Microsoft is a large organization, operates under legislations that should be obeyed by employees and management. The lengthiness of P rocedures in Microsoft organization depends on the nature of activities in place. Activities such as investments, expansion may undergo many procedures as opposed to ones which are less vital that undergo less procedure before approval. For example, for a merger or acquisition to be approved, it must undergo many procedures to check the viability project. Programmed robots are some of the devices that are use in the coordination of different activities of the company especially in production of computer devices. Telephones also provide a better means of communication in the company, thus maintaining the smooth running of the business. 9. Microsoft organization carries out different activities either within or without their area of operation. Although, most of its activities are specialized, it also performs other different activities such as conserving the environment. This came in handy after being rated poor in environmental conservation. Some of its environmental driven activitie s are to pioneer for tree planting and also minimize the use of plastic package. Whether the use of teams or an individual in the running of any activity will all depend on the nature of the work involved. This is for the reason that some activities are involving and demands a team for their effective running as opposed to the less involving activities. 10. Most organizations or companies under software industry operate internationally with their branches and outlets in different countries. This is because of increase in the use of computers thus leading to an increase in enterprises operating under this industry. In developed countries, enterprises operating under this industry are nationally distributed because of equal development in all regions of the country. In such countries electricity, infrastructure, technology and skill that are required in the use of computers are evenly distributed thus creating ready market for software; however, in underdeveloped countries enterprises are regionally located since most the software markets are restricted to only developed areas. This goes by the fact that development in such countries are unequally distributed rendering some areas incapable of using computers i.e. by lack of electricity, infrastructure and skill that limits software markets. Conclusion Credit must be attributed to Bill Gates as the founder of this incredible company that developed the world technologically. It is fortunate that Microsoft was formed in a suitable environment that facilitated its growth. As a result, it experienced rapid changes in its production, organization structures and operations. Though faced some criticism of not being competitive and also by being insensitive to environment, Microsoft established itself to become the greatest software producer around the globe by outshining its competitors such as apple. Works Cited Business day. Microsoft Corporation. New York Times. 2010. Web. Cliffsnotes. Factors affecting organizationa l design. Cliffsnotes. 2010.Web. John Dunning and Sarianna, Lundan. Multinational enterprises and global economies. Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008 (2) 238. Microsoft Corporation, full description, Reuters, 2010. Web. Snellen Th.M. and   Van de Donk, Wim. Public administration in an information age: a  handbook. Amsterdam: IOS Press 1998 (6) 264. This essay on Microsoft Corporation was written and submitted by user Tianna Lopez to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Thursday, March 12, 2020

Family Risk Factors Essays

Family Risk Factors Essays Family Risk Factors Essay Family Risk Factors Essay Decker and Van Winkle (1996) view joining youth gangs as consisting of both pulls and pushes. Pulls pertain to the attractiveness of the gang. Gang membership can enhance prestige or status among friends (Baccaglini, 1993), especially girls (for boys) (Decker and Van Winkle, 1996). Gangs provide other attractive opportunities such as the chance for excitement by selling drugs and making money (Decker and Van Winkle, 1996). Thus, many youth see themselves as making a rational choice in deciding to join a gang. Apart from the attractive pulls, there are also social, economic, and cultural forces that push many adolescents in the direction of gangs. Protection from other gangs and perceived general well-being are key factors (Decker and Van Winkle, 1996). Some researchers contend that â€Å"underclass† status of minority youth serves to push them into gangs. To these youth, gangs offer a support system and a sense of belonging. Adolescents who feel marginalized in society join gangs for social relationships. To these young people, gangs give a sense of identity (Vigil and Long, 1990). There are some others who join gangs as a form of escapism from the trials and tribulations of adolescence. Gangs provide a way of solving social adjustment problems (Howell, 2006). In some communities, there is simply no choice. The youth are intensively recruited or coerced into gangs few are virtually born into gangs as a result of neighborhood traditions and their parents’ earlier or ongoing participation or involvement in criminal activity (Moore, 1978). : Professor Trompf, who recently retired from teaching, says that gangs are about belonging and about redressing powerlessness. â€Å"People who join gangs seek to mean something to other people and seek to feel empowered, to feel that they can effect change in their own lives and in the world. The dynamics of a gang, with all that intensity and connectedness, feels like a dynamo. It feels fantastic. † (Rossmanith, 2006) Long-term studies of large samples of urban adolescents in Rochester, NY (Thornberry, 1998), and Seattle (Hill et al, in press) have identified causal risk factors for gang membership. Both studies measure risk factors in the community, family, school, peer group, and individual attribute domains. In the Rochester study, Thornberry (1998) found predictors of gang membership among males in all five of the domains Community Risk Factors: The most important community risk factor is growing up in neighborhoods in which the level of social integration or attachment is low. Neither high levels of neighborhood disorganization nor high levels of violence predict gang membership. Family Risk Factors: Among family variables, poverty, absence of biological parents, low parental attachment to the child and low parental supervision all increase the probability of gang membership. School Risk Factors: Three school variables are very significant risk factors: low expectations for success in school (both by parent and students), low student commitment to school, and low attachment to teachers. Peer Risk Factors: Along with school factors, peers have a very strong impact on gang membership. Associating with delinquent friends and unsupervised â€Å"hanging around† with these delinquent friends are a potent combination. Individual Risk Factors: Important individual risk factors identified in the Rochester study are low self-esteem, numerous negative life events, depressive symptoms, and easy access to drugs or favorable views toward drug use. Drug related Risk Factors: Finally, youth who use drugs and are involved in delinquency- particularly violent delinquency- are more likely to become gang members than are youth who are less involved in delinquency and drug use. In sum, â€Å"youth who grow up in more disorganized neighborhoods; who come from impoverished, distressed families; who do poorly in school and have low attachment to school and teachers; who associate with delinquent peers; and engage in various forms of problem behaviors are at increased risk for becoming gang members† (Thornberry, 1998:157).

Monday, February 24, 2020

Critically analyse the logistical changes that Morrisons would have to Essay

Critically analyse the logistical changes that Morrisons would have to make if it was to address one of the three suggested caus - Essay Example The company has a vertical supply chain consisting of manufacturing units, packaging and processing units, procurement units and distribution centers. All these units are integrated and managed by latest technological devices. The major areas where Morrison operates are Netherlands and UK. Headquarter of the company is located at Bradford, UK. Tesco, Asda and Sainsbury are the major competitors of Morrison. Traditional supermarkets have been a major destination for grocery shopping. However, because of the strict economic scenario, the competition in the UK grocery market has become intense and tough (Hackney, 2006). Hence the companies need more effective and sustainable tools to compete in this environment. Considering the present crisis which Morrisions is facing, excellently managed strategic operations and diversifications in the new market are needed by the company to retain its profitability and grow in the market. Morrision’s current operations consist of supermarket c hains and convenience stores, dominated by supermarkets. The brand’s current distribution centre follows a vertical integration approach. The logistics and supply chain is privately monitored by the company. The major advantage of this model is that there are no middlemen in the distribution system and customers are provided with value for money products and fresh fruits at lower prices. This also helps in quicker response to changing customer trends. The major rationale behind choosing this model is operating in ownership. Morrisions is a family owned business and the company promoters expect an ownership in majority of operations executed in the Company. The brand claims cost leadership and reasonable turnaround from the current business operations. The company is involved in both production and retailing of food products. The supermarket chain has collaborated with Scottish Agriculture College to carry out research in the field of agriculture and farming. The company is en gaged in two forms of production; just in time which includes preparing food products like sandwiches, burger or salads inside the store and readymade and fresh food products which are supplied on a daily basis. According to the recent report from Telegraph, 2013, the sale of Morrisions dropped continuously for six weeks till December 2012. This loss of sales was more than the loss accrued by its major competitors. The possible cause resulting in this loss was expected to be small number of convenient stores and no online presence. The supermarket is not into online food selling despite its biggest competitors, Tesco launching its online website in the year 2000. The company has only 12 convenience stores in the country. Apart from this, the majority of Morrisions’ supermarkets are positioned outside the affluent areas of London. Most of the revenue generated from the supermarket stores is from those areas which are less popular and sparsely inhabited. This shows a clear lack in the placement of strategies in the UK market. The company’s revenue from the affluent parts of UK such as London is only 6 percent, compared to 12 percent from the rest of the UK. A data from the British Retail Consortium throws some light on the significant changes in the operations of the food retail industry. There has been a significant rise in